Adult Adolescent Parenting Inventory (AAPI-2.1)

The Adult Adolescent Parenting Inventory (AAPI-2.1) is a 40-item self-reporting inventory that measures parental behaviors and is commonly used to assess the risk of child abuse and neglect. The AAPI-2.1 provides five subscales: expectations of children, parental empathy towards children's needs, use of corporal punishment, parent-child family roles, and children's power and independence. The instrument is offered in English, Spanish, Creole, and Arabic.

Ages
Not specified
Languages
English
Spanish
Creole
Arabic
Domains
Subtopics

Expectations of children; parental empathy; use of corporal punishment; parent-child family roles; children's power and independence

Length
10-15 minutes
Price

AAPI / PARTI / NSCS Online Administrations: $10 per child for 1-10 students; Evaluation forms 120 pack: $12; Online Reporting Module: $20 per report

Open Access
No
Administration
Self-report
Scoring
Computer scoring
Manual scoring
Resources on Psychometric Properties

Bavolek, Stephen J, and Richard G Keene. 2010. “The Adult-Adolescent Parenting Inventory (AAPI-2)® Online Development Handbook.” Family Development Resources, Inc. https://www.nurturingparenting.com/images/aapionlinehandbook12-5-12.pdf.

Lawson, Michael A., Tania Alameda-Lawson, and Edward Byrnes. 2017. “Analyzing the Validity of the Adult-Adolescent Parenting Inventory for Low-Income Populations.” Research on Social Work Practice 27 (4): 441–55. https://doi.org/10.1177/1049731514567154.

Strickler, Amy, Annette C. Trunzo, and Michael S. Kaelin. 2018. “Treatment Foster Care Pre-Service Trainings: Changes in Parenting Attitudes and Fostering Readiness.” Child & Youth Care Forum 47 (1): 61–79. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10566-017-9418-x.

Conners, Nicola A., Leanne Whiteside-Mansell, David Deere, Toni Ledet, and Mark C. Edwards. 2006. “Measuring the Potential for Child Maltreatment: The Reliability and Validity of the Adult Adolescent Parenting Inventory--2.” Child Abuse & Neglect: The International Journal 30 (1): 39–53. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chiabu.2005.08.011.

Instrument Use in Peer-Reviewed Studies

Benzies, Karen, Suzanne Tough, Nancy Edwards, Richelle Mychasiuk, and Carlene Donnelly. 2011. “Aboriginal Children and Their Caregivers Living with Low Income: Outcomes from a Two-Generation Preschool Program.” Journal of Child and Family Studies 20 (3): 311–18. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10826-010-9394-3.

Jambunathan, Saigeetha. 2006. “Relationship between Perception of Self-Competence and Parenting Attitudes of Asian Indian Preschoolers.” Early Child Development and Care 176 (7): 745–52.

Hanson, Richard A. 1990. “Initial Parenting Attitudes of Pregnant Adolescents and a Comparison with the Decision about Adoption.” Adolescence 25 (99): 629–43.