The Emotional Availability Scales (EA Scales) measures the quality of parent-child or adult-child interactions. Emotional availability refers to “the adult’s ‘receptive presence’ to the child’s emotional signals” (Biringen and Easterbrooks, 2012). Created by Dr. Zeynep Biringen, Ph.D., in 1987, the instrument is currently in its 4th edition. The EA Scales consist of both adult and child subscales and can be completed in approximately 20 minutes.
Adult sensitivity; adult structuring; adult non-intrusiveness; adult non-hostility; child responsiveness to adult; child involvement of the adult
Contact author at: http://www.emotionalavailability.com/
Biringen, Derscheid, Vliegen, Closson, & Easterbrooks, 2014. Emotional Availability (EA): Theoretical background, empirical research using the EA Scales, and clinical applications. Developmental Review, 34, 114-167.
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Lam-Cassettari, Christa, Meghana B. Wadnerkar-Kamble, and Deborah M. James. 2015. “Enhancing Parent-Child Communication and Parental Self-Esteem with a Video-Feedback Intervention: Outcomes with Prelingual Deaf and Hard-of-Hearing Children.” Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education 20 (3): 266–74. https://doi.org/10.1093/deafed/env008.
Koren-Karie, Nina, David Oppenheim, Smadar Dolev, and Nurit Yirmiya. 2009. “Mothers of Securely Attached Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder Are More Sensitive than Mothers of Insecurely Attached Children.” Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry 50 (5): 643–50. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-7610.2008.02043.x.
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Feniger-Schaal, Rinat, and David Oppenheim. 2013. “Resolution of the Diagnosis and Maternal Sensitivity among Mothers of Children with Intellectual Disability.” Research in Developmental Disabilities: A Multidisciplinary Journal 34 (1): 306–13. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ridd.2012.08.007.
Hostyn, Ine, Katja Petry, Greet Lambrechts, and Bea Maes. 2011. “Evaluating the Quality of the Interaction between Persons with Profound Intellectual and Multiple Disabilities and Direct Support Staff: A Preliminary Application of Three Observation Scales from Parent-Infant Research.” Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities 24 (5): 407–20. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-3148.2010.00618.x.